Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion

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Fangming Jin
795 g
241x161x30 mm

Dedicated to hydrothermal conversion of biomass with details of basic theories and novel processes
Part I Characters of High Temperature Water and Hydrothermal Reactions.- Water under High Temperature and Pressure Conditions and Its Applications to Develop Green Technologies for Biomass Conversion.- Part II Hydrothermal Conversion of Biomass into Chemicals.- Hydrothermal Conversion of Cellulose into Organic Acids with a CuO Oxidant.- Hydrothermal Conversion of Lignin and Its Model Compounds into Formic Acid and Acetic Acid.- Production of Lactic Acid from Sugars by Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysts.- Catalytic Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value-Added Organic Acids in Aqueous Media.- Catalytic Hydrothermal Conversion of Biomass-Derived Carbohydrates to High Value-Added Chemicals.- Part III Hydrothermal Conversion of Biomass into Fuels.- Effective Utilization of Moso-Bamboo (Phyllostachys Heterocycla) with Hot Compressed Water.- Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Biomass in Hot-Compressed Water, Alcohols and Alcohol-Water Co-Solvents for Bio-Crude Production.- Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Biomass.- Hydrothermal Gasification of Biomass for Hydrogen Production.- Part IV Hydrothermal Conversion of Biomass into Other Useful Products.- Review of Biomass Conversion in High Pressure High Temperature Water (HHW) including Recent Experimental Results (Isomerization and Carbonizaiton).- Hydrothermal Carbonization of Lignocellulosic Biomass.- Part V Hydrothermal Conversion of Biomass Waste into Fuels.- Organic Waste Gasification in Near- and Super-Critical Water.- Hydrothermal Treatment of Municipal Solid Waste for Producing Solid Fuel.- Sewage Sludge Treatment by Hydrothermal Process for Producing Solid Fuel.
This book reviews the recent advances in hydrothermal conversion of biomass into chemicals and fuels, and consists of 15 chapters. It introduces the properties of high-temperature water, the merits of hydrothermal conversion of biomass, and some novel hydrothermal conversion processes, mainly including hydrothermal production of value-added products, hydrothermal gasification, hydrothermal liquefaction and hydrothermal carbonization. This book introduces a new concept for counteracting the imbalance in the carbon cycle, which is caused by the rapid consumption of fossil fuels in anthropogenic activities in combination with the slow formation of fossil fuels. Accordingly, the book is useful in conveying a fundamental understanding of hydrothermal conversion of biomass in the carbon cycle so that a contribution can be made to achieving sustainable energy and environment. It is also interesting to a wide readership in various fields including chemical, geologic and environmental science and engineering.Fangming Jin is a Distinguished Professor at the School of Environmental Science & Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China