The research is part of the overall action of Government and other water actors aimed at finding ways to improve water management system in rural areas. The research highlighted the rural water supply management system in Dodoma region. The main focus was on assessing the efficacy of the newly promoted strategy of COWSOs, in order to achieve a deep understanding on how districts implement the strategy after being delegated authorities from the Ministry of Water. Specifically, the objectives of the study were to highlight the districts procedures for registering and monitoring COWSOs and how the new management system may complement with existing management systems of private operators (POs) and Village water committees (VWC). The study recommends the possible solutions to either improve or suggest the more efficiency management practices for water schemes that can help to address future improvements of rural water supply sector. Also information and references from the study are very crucial for proper planning and designing appropriate strategies and policies to solve the existing problems.