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Discovering the Cosmos with Small Spacecraft
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Discovering the Cosmos with Small Spacecraft

The U. S. Explorer Program
 Book
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ISBN-13:
9783319681382
Einband:
Book
Erscheinungsdatum:
22.12.2017
Seiten:
281
Autor:
Brian Harvey
Gewicht:
562 g
Format:
241x167x20 mm
Serie:
Springer Praxis Books / Space Exploration
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Presents the history of the Explorer program of small American scientific satellites

Outlines Explorer's pioneering studies in a number of scientific disciplines, narrating the story of how these satellites improved our knowledge of near-Earth space, the interrelationship between the Sun and Earth, and astronomy at wavelengths impossible to study from the surface of Earth

Brings together space science, spacecraft design, the personalities involved, the rockets (Juno, Scout, Delta etc), the infrastructure, the management, and the dissemination process in one comprehensively informative package of Explorer program history

Compares and contrasts the Explorer program with other contemporaneous programs of scientific satellites
Acknowledgements.- Dedication.- About the Author.- List of Tables.- Author's Introduction.- Chapter 1: Foundations.- Chapter 2: Early Explorers.- Chapter 3: Explorer and the crisis in space science.- Chapter 4: Faster, better, cheaper?.- Chapter 5: Future missions and conclusions.- Bibliographical note.- Appendix 1: List of Explorer missions.- Index.
Explorer was the original American space program and Explorer 1 its first satellite, launched in 1958. Sixty years later, it is the longest continuously running space program in the world, demonstrating to the world how we can explore the cosmos with small spacecraft. Almost a hundred Explorers have already been launched.

Explorers have made some of the fundamental discoveries of the Space Age. Explorer 1 discovered Earth's radiation belts. Later Explorers surveyed the Sun, the X-ray and ultraviolet universes, black holes, magnetars and gamma ray bursts. An Explorer found the remnant of the Big Bang. One Explorer chased and was the first to intercept a comet.

The program went through a period of few launches during the crisis of funding for space science in the 1980s. However, with the era of 'faster, cheaper, better,' the program was reinvented, and new exiting missions began to take shape, like Swift and the asteroid hunter WISE.

Discovering the Cosmos with Small Spacecraft gives an account of each mission and its discoveries. It breaks down the program into its main periods of activity and examines the politics and debate on the role of small spacecraft in space science. It introduces the launchers (Juno, Thor, etc.), the launch centers, the ground centers and key personalities like James Van Allen who helped develop and run the spacecraft's exciting programs.

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