This book is mainly targeted to give information about the degree of Genetic variability of upland rice in Fogera district, North western Ethiopia. The genetic variation for the traits under selection process and high heritability and genetic advance are necessary factors to develop the high yielding cultivars in the breeding program. There is high potential for rice production in the country. However, the crop has been introduced recently to the country. The finding of wild rice in the Fogera Plain in the early 1970s was the foundation for rice introduction in the area as well as in the Amhara region. The number of farmers, who are growing rice, the area covered with rice and its production has been increasing from time to time. In general, this book has a detailed review and summary of the degree of Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance of upland rice genotypes in Fogera district, northwestern Ethiopia.