The book is a summary of the morphological characterization, phenotypic diversity, drought tolerance, storage pest resistance and the correlation between the morphological traits, drought resistant and storage pest resistance in local coastal maize landraces in Kenya. The book gives some of the merits the coastal maize landraces have which have made the local farmers in the region to stick their local maize landraces despite the many improved varieties which have been recommended for the region. Plant breeders could take advantage of the very good traits in local coastal maize landraces to develop hybrids. Topic outline: 1. Morphological Characterization; 2. Biodiversity of local coastal maize landraces;3. Drought tolerance of local maize landraces; 4. Resistance of storage pest of local maize landraces and 5. Correlation between morphological and resistance to drought stress and resistance to storage pests.