Biology of the Integument
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Biology of the Integument

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J. Bereiter-Hahn
1404 g
244x175x50 mm

I Introduction, Intercellular Junctions and Cilia.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Intercellular Junctions.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Desmosomes.- 2.3 Gap Junctions.- 2.4 Septate Junctions.- 2.5 Tricellular Junctions.- 2.6 Tight Junctions.- 3 Cilia.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Ciliary Beat Patterns.- 3.3 Ciliary Structure.- 3.4 Mechanisms of Ciliary Motility.- 3.5 Control of Ciliary Activity.- II The Diploblastic Level.- 4 Introduction to the Diploblastic Level.- 5 Cnidaria: Cell Types.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Epithelial Cells.- 5.3 Mucous Cells.- 5.4 Nerve Cells.- 5.5 Sense Cells.- 5.6 Interstitial Cells.- 6 Cnidaria: Cnidae.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Terminology.- 6.3 The Structure of Cnidae.- 6.4 The Functioning of Cnidae.- 6.5 The Functions of Cnidae.- 6.6 The Chemistry of Cnidae.- 6.7 Conclusions.- 7 Cnidaria: Secreted Surface.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Settlement and Attachment.- 7.3 Food Capture and Surface Cleaning.- 7.4 Self-Recognition.- 7.5 Support and Protection.- 7.6 Conclusion and Questions.- 8 Cnidaria: Permeability, Epidermal Transport and Related Phenomena.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 Permeability Properties of Apical Epidermal Membranes.- 8.3 Other Phenomena Related to the Outer Epidermal Surface.- 9 Ctenophora.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Glandular Cells.- 9.3 Ciliated Cells (Other than Locomotory).- 9.4 Single Sensory Cells.- 9.5 The Locomotory System.- 9.6 Apical Organ.- 9.7 The Integument of the Tentacles: the Colloblast.- 9.8 Other Cell Types.- III Acoelomata.- 10 Turbellarian Platyhelminths.- 10.1 Introduction.- 10.2 Morphology of Epidermal Cells.- 10.3 Cell Web.- 10.4 Intercellular Junctions.- 10.5 Ultrarhabdites and Other Secretory Products of Epithelial Cells ("Epitheliosomes").- 10.6 Extracellular Matrices.- 10.7 Cilia.- 10.8 Non-Epithelial Cells of the Body Wall.- 10.9 Epidermal Growth and Replacement.- 10.10 Phylogenetic Significance.- 11 Parasitic Platyhelminths.- 11.1 Introduction.- 11.2 Trematoda: Larval Stages Monogenea, Digenea, and Aspidogastrea.- 11.3 Trematoda: Adult.- 11.4 Cestoda: Larval Stages.- 11.5 Cestoda: Adult.- 11.6 Summary.- 12 Platyhelminth Host-Parasite Interface.- 12.1 Introduction.- 12.2 The Structure and Function of Parasite Surfaces.- 12.3 Properties of the Surface Membrane and Interface.- 12.4 Host-Parasite Interface and Adhesiveness.- 12.5 Survival Tactics of Parasites Confronted by Effectors of Host Resistance.- 12.6 The Host-Parasite Interface: Some New Directions.- 12.7 Conclusion.- 13 Nemertea.- 13.1 Introduction.- 13.2 Ciliated Supporting Cells.- 13.3 Gland Cells.- 13.4 Epidermal Enzymes.- 13.5 Sensory Cells.- 13.6 Basal Cells.- 13.7 Other Epidermal Features.- IV Pseudocoelomata.- 14 Nematoda.- 14.1 Introduction.- 14.2 Cells.- 14.3 Cuticle.- 14.4 Conclusion.- 15 Acanthocephala.- 15.1 Introduction.- 15.2 Structural Organization.- 15.3 Integumentary Nutrient Uptake.- 16 Minor Pseudocoelomates.- 16.1 Introduction.- 16.2 Gastrotricha.- 16.3 Kinorhyncha.- 16.4 Rotifera.- 16.5 Priapulida.- 16.6 Nematomorpha.- 16.7 Kamptozoa (Entoprocta).- 16.8 Gnathostomulida.- V Annelida.- 17 Epidermal Cells.- 17.1 Introduction.- 17.2 Supporting Cells.- 17.3 Basal Cells.- 17.4 Gland Cells.- 17.5 Sensory Cells.- 17.6 Gills.- 17.7 Clitellum.- 18 Chaetae.- 18.1 Introduction.- 18.2 Structure.- 18.3 Composition.- 18.4 Development.- 19 Cuticle.- 19.1 Introduction.- 19.2 Ultrastructure.- 19.3 Histochemistry.- 19.4 Biophysics and Biochemistry.- 19.5 Subcuticular Bacteria.- 19.6 Function.- 20 Permeability and Epidermal Transport.- 20.1 Introduction.- 20.2 Terminology and Basic Concepts.- 20.3 Exchange of Respiratory Gases.- 20.4 Transpiration.- 20.5 Water Permeability in Aquatic Annelids.- 20.6 Monovalent Ion Transport in Freshwater Annelids.- 20.7 Ion Transport in Terrestrial Annelids?.- 20.8 Monovalent Ion Transport in Brackish-Water and Marine Annelids.- 20.9 Transport of Other Ions.- 20.10 Transport of Organic Compounds.- 20.11 Role of the Cuticle.- 20.12 Conclusion.- VI Annelid-Related Phyla and Cuticle Evolution.- 21
The integument plays an important role in the survival of meta zoans by separating and protecting them from a hostile environ ment. Its function ranges from protection against injury and in fection; partlcipation in the regulation of body temperature and water balance, to respiratory activity, monitoring of the environ ment and production of signals related to behaviour. All these result from specific structural, biochemical and physiological properties of intra-and extracellular components of the integu ment. Thus its characterization can be best accomplished by a multidisciplinary approach with authors specialized in different fields of science. This multi-author book, in two volumes, provides an up-to date survey of the literature. The first volume deals with the integument of invertebrates, the second with that of vertebrates, both organized primarily on a phylum basis. As the level of knowledge on the integument of phyla differs considerably, the information provided is correspondingly either limited or con densed. For some of the smaller groups of invertebrates little information is available, as often only a few electron micrographs are to be found in the literature; on the other hand, from the large body of knowledge existing for vertebrates, particularly for mammals, no complete overview can be provided, but publica tions giving access to further information have been reviewed critically.