The Tradition and Modern Transition of Chinese Law

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Jinfan Zhang
1220 g
241x159x45 mm

System described the characteristics of ancient Chinese legal tradition
I The Tradition of Chinese Law.- To Introduce "Li" (Rites) Into Law And To Integrate "Li" (Rites) with Law.- To Regard Human Being as a Standard, to Promote Morality and to Inflict Penalty with Prudence.- Rights Differentiated, Duty as a Standard.- Advocating Impartiality, Emphasizing Criminal Law and Neglecting Civil Law.- Following "Tian Li" (Heavenly Principles) and Enforcing Laws According to the Concrete Situations of Specific Cases.- The Law Deriving from Monarch, the Monarchy Power Overtopping Law.- Clan Orientation and The Ethical Rule of Law.- Regulating Official by Law, Defining Duties and Obligations.- Historical Comparison and Timely Adjustment of the Legal System.- Unified Interpretation of Law and Unparalleled Flourishing of "Lv Xue".- "Zhu Fa Bing Cun" (The Coexistence of Various Laws) and "Min Xing You Fen" (The Differentiation Between Civil and Criminal Laws).- Revising Laws by Legislation and Citing Precedents by "Bi Fu" (Legal Analogy).- Making Convictions by Law and Making Judgments by Analogy.- Pursuing No Litigation, and Settling Conflicts by Mediation.- The Contribution to Chinese Legal System by All Nationalities in China.- II The Modern Transition of Chinese Law.- The Introduction of Western Legal Culture.- The Change of Traditional Legal Concepts.- The Thoughts and Practices of Legal Reform in the Transitional Process.- The Continuing Progress of the Modern Legal Transition During the Period of the Republic of China.- The Historical Value of the Modern Transition of Chinese Law and the Experience for Reference.
The book was first published in 1997, and was awarded the first prize of scientific research by the Ministry of Justice during the ninth Five-Year Plan of China. In 2005, it was adopted the text book for the postgraduates of law majors. In 2009, it was awarded the second prize of the best books on law in China. The book discusses from different aspects the long legal tradition in China, and it not only helps us to have a further understanding of Chinese legal system but also combines theories and practice and illustrate the modern legal transition which probes the history of Chinese legal system.
As is known to us all, China is a country with a long legal history, which can be traced back to more than three thousand year ago. So the legal tradition of China has been passed down from generation to generation without any interruptions. This feature is peculiar to Chinese legal history which is beyond all comparison with that of other countries such as ancient Egypt, ancient India, ancient Babylon and ancient Persia. Through the study of Chinese legal history we can have a deeper understanding of the histories, features, origins and the transition of Chinese legal tradition. The Chinese legal tradition originated from China, and it is the embodiment of the wisdom and creativity of Chinese civilization. The great many books, researching materials, legal constitutions, archives, files and records of different dynasties in China have provided us with rare, complete and systematic materials to research. The book has a complete, systematic and detailed research on Chinese legal tradition and its transition and it gives people a correct recognition of the process of the perfection of laws during its development and its position as well as its value in the social progress in order to grasp its regular patterns. It also has showed us the most valuable part and core of Chinese legal Tradition and it is a summary of Chinese legal tradition and its transition from different perspectives, different angles and different levels. From the book, we can see that the ancient Chinese Legal Culture had once shocked the world and exerted great influence on the civilization of the world legal system, especially the legal systems in Asian countries. The book also has discussed the reestablishment of law in the late Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Chinese law's transition to modernity.

In a word, the book has not only combined the legal system and the legal culture together, but also integrated the important historical figures and events ingeniously and it is a valuable and readable book with authenticity.