This monograph stems from lectures given during the summer course at the University of La Laguna. It includes the main characterization techniques useful nowadays for ceramics, glasses and glass-ceramics, reviews the new microscopes for characterizing materials, and gives an overview of inorganic materials such as zeolites.
This book arises from the lectures of the Summer Course of The University of La Laguna, Spain. The basic six chapters of the book are: Analytical methods for rare earth determination, microstructure investigation, thermal methods, x-ray diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy and neutron diffraction. The application to inorganic materials, both amorphous and crystalline are also discussed.
1. Rare Earth Elements: Applications and Determination.- 2. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Applications to the Study of Ordered and Disordered Conducting Solid Surfaces.- 3. Basis and Applications of Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction (CBED) for the Investigation of Phases in Ceramics and Glass-Ceramics.- 4. Basis and Applications of High Resolution Electron Microscopy (HREM) for the Characterization of Ceramics and Glass-Ceramics.- 5. Applications of Differential Scanning Calorimetry for the Study of Transformation Processes in Quenched Alloys.- 6. Use of Thermal Analysis in Zeolite Research and Application.- 7. Viscous Flow of Glass Forming Liquids: Experimental Techniques for the High Viscosity Range.- 8. Diffusion Structural Analysis in the Characterization of Inorganic Materials.- 9. Texture Determination by Using X ray Diffraction.- 10. Recent Advances in X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Analysis.- 11. Mössbauer Spectroscopy Applied to Inorganic Materials.- 12. Neutron Diffraction in Amorphous Structures.
This monograph deals with the most useful and modern methods for characterising the inorganic materials such as glasses and glass-ceramics, traditional and advanced. After a short chapter focused on determination of rare earths in ceramics and minerals, there are three chapters showing the fundamentals and main applications of most advanced microstructure techniques for investigating glasses and ceramics: new microscopies (STM, AFM) and electron microscopy methods such as CBED and HREM. Three more chapters are dedicated to the basis and wide applications of thermal methods, one focused on applications on zeolite materials. The XRD for texture analysis and recent advances in fluorescence methods are also considered in two chapters. Finally, the Mössbauer spectroscopy for the investigation of glasses and glass-ceramics and neutron diffraction for the same type of materials is widely treated.