This book, the first of its kind in Nigeria, is a product of over a decade of assiduous research. The book closely defines the relevance of environmental Impact Assessment as a veritable vehicle for the attainment of sustainable development. The world is ravenous for sustainable development. The need to develop a Legal mechanism and intuitional framework for the implementation and enforcement of EIA is non-negotiable. The EIA is a proactive measure, can help the world tackle the menace of the climate change and other environmental challenges. The book would provide Judges, Lawyers, Environmentalists and Law students with a prolific source of reference.