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Plant Ecology, Herbivory, and Human Impact in Nordic Mountain Birch Forests
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Plant Ecology, Herbivory, and Human Impact in Nordic Mountain Birch Forests

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ISBN-13:
9783540265955
Einband:
eBook
Seiten:
370
Autor:
Frans Emil Wielgolaski
Serie:
180, Ecological Studies
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
PDF
Kopierschutz:
1 - PDF Watermark
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

SECTION I : HISTORY, ENVIRONMENT AND PLANT SCIENCE

1. History and environment of the Nordic mountain birch. FE Wielgolaski
2. Soils and nutrients in northern birch forests: A case study from Finnmarksvidda, northern Norway. K-D Meier, D Thannheiser, J Wehberg, V Eisenmann
3. Vegetation of the mountain birch forest in northern Fennoscandia. J Wehherg, D Thannheiser, K-D Meier
4. Biomass and production on a landscape level in the northern mountain birch forests. H Tømmervik, FE Wielgolaski, S Neuvonen, B Solberg, KA Høgda
5. Mountain birch growth in relation to climate and herbivores. PS Karlsson, M Weih, C Borg
6. Responses of temperature changes on survival and growth in mountain birch populations. O Skre, J Nilsen, M Naess, B Igeland, K Taulavuori, E Taulavuori, K. Laine
7. Phenology and performance of mountain birch provenances in transplant gardens: latitudinal, attitudinal and oceanity-continentaIity gradients. J Ovaska, J Nilsen, FE Wielgolaski, H Kauhanen, R Partanen, S Neuvonen, L Kapari, O Skre, K Laine
8. A dynamic forest in a changing environment. (SYNTHESIS SECTION 1) PS Karlsson, FE Wielgolaski


SECTION 2: HERBIVORY

9. Forest defoliation risks in birch forests by insects under different climate and land use scenarios in northern Europe. S Neuvonen, H Bylund, H Tømmervik
10. Birch sapling responses to severity and timing of domestic herbivore browsing - implications for management. AJ Hester, K Lempa, S Neuvonen, K Høgh, J Feilberg, S Arnthórsdóttir, G Iason
11. Effects of reindeer grazing on pastures in a mountain birch ecosystem. K Lempa, S Neuvonen, H Tømmervik
12. Long-term influence of herbivores on northern birch forests. O Tenow. H Bylund, AC Nilsen, PS Karlsson
13. Herbivory in northern birch forests. (SYNTHESIS SECTION 2) S Neuvonen, FE Wielgolaski


SECTION 3: HUMANIMPACT

14. Rates and processes of natural regeneration in disturbed habitats. B Forbes, A Tolvanen, FE Wielgolaski, K Laine
15. Recreation at treeline and interactions with other land use activities. A Tolvanen, B Forbes, S Wall, Y Norokorpi
16. Economic limits and possibilities for sustainable utilization of northern birch forests. B Solberg, H Tømmervik, D Thannheiser, S Neuvonen
17. The vegetation changes and recent impact on the mountain birch forest during the last 40 years. D. Thannheiser, H Tømmervik, J Wehberg
18. Sami approaches to mountain birch utilization in northern Sapmi (Finland and Norway). MS Aikio, L Müller-Wille
19. Sustainable reindeer herding in the mountain birch ecosystem. K Lempa, S Neuvonen, H Tømmervik
20. Competition over nature, space, resources, and management in the northern mountain birch forest ecosystem. (SYNTHESIS SECTION 3) D Thannheiser, L Müller-Wille, FE Wielgolaski, K-D Meier


SECTION 4: MODELING DYNAMICS OF MOUNTAIN BIRCH FORESTS, MANAGEMENT AND FUTURE

21. Landscape-scale model relating the Nordic mountain birch forest spatio temporal dynamics to various anthropogenic influences, herbivory and climate change. AO Gautestad, FE Wielgolaski, I Mysterud
22. Scenarios for future development of the mountain birch ecosystem. AO Gautestad, FE Wielgolaski, B Solberg, I Mysterud
23. Managing the mountain birch ecosystem. Local communities and the state in Finlands forestry. L Müller-Wille, MS Aikio, V Luhta
24. Policies and developing plans towards sustainability of mountain birch ecosystems in Scandinavia. L Bäck, B Solberg, H Tømmervik, FE Wielgolaski


SECTION 5: INTEGRATION AND CONCLUSION

25. The Nordic mountain birch ecosystem-challenges to sustainable management. (SYNTHESIS SECTIONS 1-4) FE Wielgolaski, PS Karlsson, S Neuvonen, D Thannheiser, H Tømmervik, AO
This work analyzes vegetation and soils, and investigates the influence of climate change, insect pests, grazing pressure by sheep and reindeer, construction of roads and other consequences of increasing tourism in the Nordic mountain birch forests.