Über Lebensraum und Lebensformen der Frühsemiten

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Joseph Henninger
134 g
244x170x4 mm

Über Lebensraum und Lebensformen der Frühsemiten.- I. Grundbegriffe und Fragestellung.- II. Lebensformen der ältesten Semiten.- 1. Die Wirtschaftsform.- a) Arabisches Beduinentum und frühsemitisches Nomadentum.- b) Semitisches Nomadentum im 2. Jahrtausend v. Chr. nach den Quellen.- a) Schilderungen der israelitischen Frühzeit im Alten Testament.- ?) Die Nomaden in den Mari-Texten.- ?) Allgemeine Charakteristik dieses frühsemitischen Nomadentums.- 2. Die Gesellschaftsform.- 3. Die Religion.- III. Lebensraum und Chronologie der Frühsemiten.- Diskussionsbeiträge.- Professor Dr. phil. Hans Erich Stier; Professor Dr. phil., Dr. theol. Joseph Henninger, SVD; Professor Dr. phil. Wolfram Frhr. von Soden; Professor Dr. phil. Franz Kiechle; Staatssekretär Professor Dr. h. c, Dr.-Ing. E. h. Leo Brandt; Professor Dr. phil. Hans Wehr; Professor Dr. phil. habil. Heinrich Lausberg.
The name "Semites", which was coined in 1781 by A. L. Schlözer with reference to the so-called "tabie of nations" (Genesis, Chap. X), stands in itself for a linguistic unit only. Whether there was a cultural as well as a racial unit originally corresponding to this linguistic unit is a problem of its own. For more than a century various theories have been evolved as to the geographic area in which the group of people speaking the hypothetical Semitic, respectively "Hamito-Semitic" common language was living: Ara bia, Mesopotamia, areas situated more to the north-east or north-west, North Africa. The question of the geographical area is closely connected with the way of life of the first Semites. The hypothesis that it resembied the way of life of the Arabian Bedouins (a civilization of bellicose camel breeders) has no longer been tenable since it became certain that they represent a relatively recent form of nomadism. At what period camel breeding started is also a much-disputed question. It is true that the domes ticised one-humped camel can perhaps be traeed back as far as to the end of the fourth millennium, certainly to the third and second millennium B. C. But only towards the end of the second millennium B. C. can camel-breed ing be considered as the actual economie basis and as determining the way of life. In the beginning and in the middle of the second millennium B. C. the Semitic nomads were breeding small cattle and donkeys.

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