This book examines the great variety of satellite orbits, both in shape and properties. It presents the fundamental equations of mechanics used to explain and demonstrate the properties for all types of orbits.
Geometry of the Ellipse.- Geodesy.- Geopotential.- Keplerian Motion.- Satellite in Keplerian Orbit.- Satellite in Real (Perturbed) Orbit.- Motion of Orbit, Earth and Sun.- Ground Track of a Satellite.- Orbit and Mission.- Orbit Relative to the Sun: Crossing Times and Eclipse.- Orbit Relative to the Earth: Recurrence and Altitude.- View from the Satellite.- Spatiotemporal and Angular Sampling.- Global Positioning (GPS).- Satellites of Mars.- Satellites of Other Celestial Bodies.
Fifty years after Sputnik, artificial satellites have become indispensable monitors in many areas, such as economics, meteorology, telecommunications, navigation and remote sensing. The specific orbits are important for the proper functioning of the satellites. This book discusses the great variety of satellite orbits, both in shape (circular to highly elliptical) and properties (geostationary, Sun-synchronous, etc.). This volume starts with an introduction into geodesy. This is followed by a presentation of the fundamental equations of mechanics to explain and demonstrate the properties for all types of orbits. Numerous examples are included, obtained through IXION software developed by the author. The book also includes an exposition of the historical background that is necessary to help the reader understand the main stages of scientific thought from Kepler to GPS.