As well as quantifying the telling contribution to the philosophy of science made by the Institute Vienna Circle, founded by Friedrich Stadler in 1991, this book maps the historical and conceptual features of a distinctive European tradition in the discipline.
Provides an updated approach to the European philosophy of science
Editorial.- From the Vienna Circle to the Institute Vienna Circle: On the Viennese Legacy in Contemporary Philosophy of Science; Friedrich Stadler.- I.- A Matter of Substance? Gaston Bachelard on Chemistry's Philosophical Lessons; Cristina Chimisso.- Carnap's Aufbau and Physicalism: What Does the "Mutual Reducibility" of Psychological and Physical Objects Amount to?; Thomas Uebel.- On the Relationship between Neuroscience and Philosophy: the Case of Sleep and Dreaming; Claude Debru.- Metaphysics in the Thirties: And Why Should Anyone Care Now? Richard Creath.- II.- Probabilistic Epistemology: A European Tradition; Maria Carla Galavotti.- Reductionism today; Michael Esfeld.- Betting Interpretation and the Problem of Interference; Wlodek Rabinowicz and Lina Eriksson.- III.- Mathematics and Experience; Ladislav Kvasz.- Gödel and Carnap. Platonism versus Conventionalism?; Eckehart Köhler.- What is the Status of the Hardy-Weinberg Law within Population Genetics?; Pablo Lorenzano.- IV.- Kazimierz Twardowski and the Development of Philosophy of Science in Poland; Jan Wolenski.- V.- Vienna Circle on Determinism; Tomasz Placek.- Infinite Idealizations; John D. Norton.- VI.- Political Polyphony. Otto Neurath and Politics Reconsidered; Günther Sandner.- Kelsen's Legal Positivism and the Challenge of Nazi Law; Herlinde Pauer-Studer.- VII.- Biased Coins. A Model for Higherorder Probabilities; Jeanne Peijnenburg AND David Atkinson.- Is Logical Empiricism Compatible with Scientifi c Realism?; Matthias Neuber.- VIII.- Does the Unity of Science have a Future?; Jan Faye.- Is There a European Philosophy Science? A Wake-up call; Gereon Wolters.- General Part.-Report/Documentation.- Vienna Circle Historiographies; Veronika Hofer and Michael Stöltzner.- 18th Vienna Circle Lecture / 18. Wiener Kreis Vorlesung.- Husserl and Gödel on Mathematical Objects and our Access to them; Dagfinn Føllesdal, Review Essay.- Logical Empiricism in Historical Perspective. Recent Works on Moritz Schlick; Massimo Ferrari.- Reviews.- After Postmodernism. A Naturalistic Reconstruction of the Humanities, Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2012. (Thomas Uebel).- Jan Faye.- The Tyranny of Science. Edited by Eric Oberheim. Cambridge: Polity Press 2011. (Daniel B. Kuby); Paul Feyerabend Il valore della verità. Milano: Guerini e Associati, 2011. (Beatrice Collina); Paolo Parrini.- Der Wiener Kreis in Ungarn / The Vienna Circle in Hungary. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts Wiener.- Kreis, Bd. 16. Wien: Springer 2011. (Radek Schuster); András Máté, Miklós Rédei and Friedrich Stadler (Eds.).- Fritz Mauthner. Scepticisme linguistique et modernité. Une biographie intellectuelle. Éditions Bartillat: Paris 2012. Jacques Le Rider, Fritz Mauthner. Le langage. Translation of "Die Sprache" from German and foreword by Jacques Le Rider, Éditions Bartillat: Paris 2012. (Camilla Nielsen); Jacques Le Rider.- Activities of the Institute Vienna Circle.- Index of Names.- Abstracts.
This volume combines the theoretical and historical perspective focusing on the specific features of a European philosophy of science. On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Institute Vienna Circle the Viennese roots and influences will be addressed, in addition. There is no doubt that contemporary philosophy of science originated mainly in Europe beginning in the 19th century and has influenced decisively the subsequent development of globalized philosophy of science, esp. in North America. Recent research in this field documents some specific characteristics of philosophy of science covering the natural, social, and also cultural sciences in the European context up to the destruction and forced migration caused by Fascism and National Socialism. This European perspective with the integration of history and philosophy of science and the current situation in the philosophy of science after the transatlantic interaction and transformation, and the "return" after World War II raises the question of contemporary European characteristics in the philosophy of science. The role and function of the renowned Vienna Circle of Logical Empiricism and its impact and influence on contemporary philosophy of science is on the agenda, too. Accordingly, the general topic is dealt with in two parallel sessions representing systematic-formal as well as genetic-historical perspectives on philosophy of science in a European context up to the present._