PART ONE: LAYING THE FOUNDATIONSChapter 1: Introduction to research in nursing and midwifery Aims of the book What is research? Research - what's it got to do with me? Why do we need nursing and midwifery research? Nursing and midwifery research: where we started and where we are nowChapter 2: Evidence-based practice What is evidence-based practice? The need for high quality research Using research in real-time clinical situationsChapter 3: Developing nursing and midwifery knowledge Where does nursing and midwifery knowledge come from? The development of nursing and midwifery knowledge through research Research paradigms Positivim Interpretivism Pragmatism Other research paradigms Using research paradigms Research paradigms and nursing and midwifery research Tensions between the research paradigmsChapter 4: Quantitative methodologies: an overview Quantitative methodology Quantitative research methodsChapter 5: Qualitative methodology: an overview Qualitative research methods What is 'scientific research'?Chapter 6: Mixed methodologies: an overview Advantages of mixed methods Models of mixed methods research Disadvantages of mixed methods research Factors to consider when undertaking a mixed methods studyPART TWO: UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH METHODS AND DESIGNS: THE THEORYChapter 7: Quantitative methods The origins of fair tests Fair tests in health care - the randomised clinical trial Experimental designsChapter 8: Qualitative methods Phenomenology Ethnography Grounded Theory Selecting the most appropriate methodChapter 9: Surveys, action research and historical research Surveys Action (participantory) research Historical research Selecting the most appropriate methodsChapter 10: Systematic and Cochrane Reviews What is a systematic review and why are they useful? The Cochrane library The systematic review process Evidence based clinical guidelinesChapter 11: Research design Design or method? Experimental research designs Non-experimental research designs Selecting the most appropriate methodPART THREE: UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH METHODS AND DESIGNS: THE PRACTICEChapter 12: The Research Process: Research questions or hypothesis? The research process Developing a research question Developing an hypothesisChapter 13: Literature review - identifying and sourcing the literature Focusing, filtering and finding Databases; features and uses Reference managersChapter 14: Literature review - reviewing the data and the narrative What is a literature review? The literature process Managing references Putting the review togetherChapter 15: Sampling Populations, people and samples What sort of sample? What sample size?Chapter 16: Quantitative methods of data collection QuestionnairesChapter 17: Qualitative methods of data collection Interviews Focus groups Observation Diaries Q-sort Selecting the most appropriate data collection methodChapter 18: Addressing ethical issues; research governance in clinical research Origins of ethical clinical research Designing ethical research Indemnity insurance Getting research approvalPART FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND EVALUATIONChapter 19: Quantitative data analysis - Measures of clinical effectiveness Quantitative data analysis Measuring the outcomes of researchChapter 20: Qualitative data analysis What does qualitative data look like? Transcription of data recordings and field notes Methods of qualitative data analysisChapter 21: Rigour What is rigour? Validity Reliability Trustworthiness Strategies to promote rigour in a research study Evaluation of rigourChapter 22: Evaluating Research Reading rather than doing Avoiding unnecessary reading Critical appraisal toolsPART FIVE: RESEARCH IN ACTION: DISSEMINATION AND APPLICATIONChapter 23: Writing up and disseminating your research Writing up, getting the job done Avoiding plagiarism Dissemination strategiesChapter 24: Using research in clinical practice The problems of getting research into practice Getting research into practiceChapter 25: Writing a professional research proposal Defining a researchable problem How important is your research? The structure of a research proposal Planning the projectChapter 26: Where do I go from here? Using this new knowledge Future involvement in research Impact of research on nursing and midwifery
Ideal for all pre and post-registration nurses, this book has everything students need to know about understanding, critiquing and using research. It then builds on this foundation to develop these ideas into workable practice for those doing research in the real world.