- The Genetics and Genomics of the Brassicaceae provides a review of this important family (commonly termed the mustard family, or Cruciferae) - Expert perspectives on Brassicaceae species as models for studying genome evolution following polyploidy, the impact of advances in genome sequencing technology, prospects for future transcriptome analysis and upcoming model systems - Contributions from experts in the field
Chapter 1: Phylogeny, Genome and Karyotype Evolution of Crucifers (Brassicaceae).- Chapter 2: The Brassicaceae in agriculture.- Chapter 3:The noncoding landscape of the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana.- Chapter 4: Natural variation in Arabidopsis thaliana.- Chapter 5: Chasing ghosts: comparative capping in the Brassicaceae.- Chapter 6: Comparative genome analysis at the sequence level.- Chapter 7: Structural and functional evolution of resynthesized polyploids.-Chapter 8: The genetics of Brassica rapa L.- Chapter 9: The genetics of Brassica oleracea.-Chapter 10: The genetics of Brassica napus.- Chapter 11: The genetics of Brassica juncea.- Chapter 12: Arabidopsis lyrata genetics.- Chapter 13: The genetics of Capsella.- Chapter 14: Self-incompatibility in the Brassicaceae.- Chapter 15: Sequencing the gene space of Brassica rapa.- Chapter 16: Germplasm and genomic library resources.- Chapter 17: Resources for metabolomics.- Chapter 18: Transformation technology in the Brassicaceae.- Chapter 19: Resources for reverse genetic approaches in Arabidopsis thaliana.- Chapter 20: Resources for reverse genetic approaches in Brassica species.- Chapter 21: Bioinformatics resources for Arabidopsis thaliana.- Chapter 22: Bioinformatics resources for the Brassica species.- Chapter 23: Perspectives on genetics and genomics of the Brassicaceae.
The Genetics and Genomics of the Brassicaceae provides a review of this important family (commonly termed the mustard family, or Cruciferae). The family contains several cultivated species, including radish, rocket, watercress, wasabi and horseradish, in addition to the vegetable and oil crops of the Brassica genus. There are numerous further species with great potential for exploitation in 21st century agriculture, particularly as sources of bioactive chemicals. These opportunities are reviewed, in the context of the Brassicaceae in agriculture. More detailed descriptions are provided of the genetics of the cultivated Brassica crops, including both the species producing most of the brassica vegetable crops (B. rapa and B. oleracea) and the principal species producing oilseed crops (B. napus and B. juncea). The Brassicaceae also include important "model" plant species. Most prominent is Arabidopsis thaliana, the first plant species to have its genome sequenced. Natural genetic variation is reviewed for A. thaliana, as are the genetics of the closely related A. lyrata and of the genus Capsella. Self incompatibility is widespread in the Brassicaceae, and this subject is reviewed.
Interest arising from both the commercial value of crop species of the Brassicaceae and the importance of Arabidopsis thaliana as a model species, has led to the development of numerous resources to support research. These are reviewed, including germplasm and genomic library resources, and resources for reverse genetics, metabolomics, bioinformatics and transformation.
Molecular studies of the genomes of species of the Brassicaceae revealed extensive genome duplication, indicative of multiple polyploidy events during evolution. In some species, such as Brassica napus, there is evidence of multiple rounds of polyploidy during its relatively recent evolution, thus the Brassicaceae represent an excellent model system for the study of the impacts of polyploidy and the subsequent process of diploidisation, whereby the genome stabilises. Sequence-level characterization of the genomes of Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica rapa are presented, along with summaries of comparative studies conducted at both linkage map and sequence level, and analysis of the structural and functional evolution of resynthesised polyploids, along with a description of the phylogeny and karyotype evolution of the Brassicaceae.
Finally, some perspectives of the editors are presented. These focus upon the Brassicaceae species as models for studying genome evolution following polyploidy, the impact of advances in genome sequencing technology, prospects for future transcriptome analysis and upcoming model systems.