Gender Policy and HIV in China
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Gender Policy and HIV in China

Catalyzing Policy Change
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Joseph Tucker
512 g
243x164x27 mm
22, Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis

In China, social factors relating to gender and gender-inequality exacerbate the spread of HIV and other STDs. This interdisciplinary study explores those various factors in order to better understand, and combat, the spread of HIV and STDs in China.
Unique interdisciplinary group of policy-makers, advocates, and researchers worked together to systematically consider how gender impacts HIV/STI spread in China
Dedication Page.- Acknowledgements: Dudley L. Poston, Jr. and Joseph D. Tucker.- Preface: Richard E. Ewing.- Introduction: Joseph D. Tucker and Dudley L. Poston, Jr.- Chinese Population Dynamics and HIV/STD Risk.- 1. Uncertain Population Dynamics and HIV/AIDS in China: Qiang Ren, Xiaoying Zheng, Wolfgang Lutz, and Sergei Scherbov.- 2. Migration and Gender in China's HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Giovanna Merli, Jack DeWaard, Feng Tian and Sara Hertog.- China's Surplus Males and HIV/STD.- 3. China's Unbalanced Sex Ratio at Birth: How Many Surplus Boys Have Been Born Since the 1980s?: Dudley L. Poston and Li Zhang.- 4. Bare Branches, Prostitution, and HIV in China: A Demographic Analysis.- Avraham Y. Ebenstein and Ethan Jennings.- HIV/STD Risk in China for Males and Females.- 5. Gender, Migration, and Unprotected Casual and Commercial Sex: Individual and Social Determinants of HIV/STD Risk Among Female Migrants: Xiushi Yang and Guomei Xia.- 6. Heterosexual Male STI/HIV Risk in China: Joseph Tucker and Tianfu Wang.- 7. HIV/AIDS Structural Interventions in China: Concept, Context and Opportunities: Yan Hong.- 8. Patterns of Sexually Transmitted Infections in China: Ginny Garcia, Rachel Traut Cortes, and Dudley L. Poston, Jr.- Commercial Sex Worker Policies and the Law.- 9. The 'Risk Environment' For Commercial Sex Work In China: Considering the Role of Law and Law Enforcement Practices: Scott Burris and Guomei Xia.- 10. Administrative Detention of Prostitutes: The Legal Aspects: Hualing Fu and D. W. Choy.- 11. Decriminalizing Sex Work: Implications for HIV Prevention and Control in China: Dongbao Yu, Edmund Settle, Ruotao Wang, and Lenore Manderson: Indexes.- About the Editors and Authors
China's concentrated HIV epidemic is on the brink of becoming a generalized one and syphilis infection has become a major public health threat. Social factors relating to gender and gender inequality exacerbate the spread of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) in China. A better understanding of the proximate social determinants of HIV related to gender will be crucial to effectively curbing HIV and other STIs in China. Aspects of China's governance - including administrative procedures, the developing legal system, social institutions, and the public health infrastructure - are instrumental in shaping strategies and responses to HIV. International studies suggest that women who are more economically and socially vulnerable may also have a greater risk of HIV infection, yet few initiatives have focused on discrete areas where achievable and sustainable gender policy measures could be linked to the public health response. This study presents perspectives ranging from criminology to social psychology to better understand how gender perspectives can inform HIV policy in the context of China.

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