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High Energy Density Laboratory Astrophysics
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High Energy Density Laboratory Astrophysics

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ISBN-13:
9781402041624
Einband:
Ebook
Seiten:
404
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
PDF
Kopierschutz:
1 - PDF Watermark
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

"During the past several years, research teams around the world have developed astrophysics-relevant utilizing high energy-density facilities such as intense lasers and z-pinches. Research is underway in many areas, such as compressible hydrodynamic mixing, strong shock phenomena, radiation flow, radiative shocks and jets, complex opacities, equations of stat, and relativistic plasmas. Beyond this current research and the papers it is producing, plans are being made for the application, to astrophysics-relevant research, of the 2 MJ National Ignition Facility (NIF) laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; the 600 kj Ligne d'Intégration Laser (LIL) and the 2 MJ Laser Mégajoule (LMJ) in Bordeaux, France; petawatt-range lasers now under construction around the world; and current and future Z pinches. The goal of this conference and these proceedings is to continue focusing attention on this emerging research area. The conference brought together different scientists interested in this emerging new field, with topics covering:
Asymmetric Supernovae: Yes, Rotation and Magnetic Fields are Important.- Progress Toward the Study of Laboratory Scale, Astrophysically Relevant, Turbulent Plasmas.- Effects of Initial Conditions on Compressible Mixing in Supernova-Relevant Laboratory Experiments.- Laboratory Astrophysics Experiments for Simulation Code Validation: A Case Study.- How Did Cassiopeia A Explode? A Chandra VLP.- Studies of Laser-Driven Radiative Blast Waves.- Radiative Shocks in Astrophysics and the Laboratory.- Laboratory Simulations of Supernova Shockwave Propagation.- Radiative Shock Experiments at LULI.- Analytical Study of Supernova Remnant Non-Stationary Expansions.- Hypernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts.- Radiation Hydrodynamics in Supernovae.- Experiment on Collisionless Plasma Interaction with Applications to Supernova Remnant Physics.- Laboratory Experiments of Stellar Jets from the Perspective of an Observer.- A Hed Laboratory Astrophysics Testbed Comes of Age: Jet Deflection via Cross Winds.- Relativistic Jets from Accretion Disks.- Recent Experimental Results and Modelling of High-Mach-Number Jets and the Transition to Turbulence.- Hydrogen EOS at Megabar Pressures and the Search for Jupiter's Core.- Astrophysical Implications of the Recent Shocked Deuterium Experiments.- Deuterium Hugoniot up to 120 GPa (1.2 Mbar).- Modeling X-Ray Photoionized Plasmas Produced at the Sandia Z-Facility.- Radiation Properties of High-Energy Astrophysical Plasmas.- Preliminary Results from an Astrophysically Relevant Radiation Transfer Experiment.- X-Ray Line Transfer in Plasmas with Large Velocity Gradients.- Eagle Nebula Pillars: From Models to Observations.- Two Models of Magnetic Support for Photoevaporated Molecular Clouds.- Shock Propagation Through Multiphase Media.- Hydrodynamic Instability of Ionization Front in HII Regions: From Linear to Nonlinear Evolution.- Simulating Astrophysical Jets in Laboratory Experiments.- Particle Acceleration in Relativistic Magnetized Plasmas.- Magnetic Reconnection, Turbulence, and Collisionless Shock.- Direct-Drive Inertial Confinement Fusion Implosions on Omega.- Accessing High Pressure States Relevant to Core Conditions in the Giant Planets.- Formation of Working Surfaces in Radiatively Cooled Laboratory Jets.- Boltzmann Equilibrium of Endothermic Heavy Nuclear Synthesis in the Universe and a Quark Relation to the Magic Numbers.- Richtmyer-Meshkov Experiments on the Omega Laser.- Molecular Clouds: Observation to Experiment.- Preheat Issues in Hydrodynamic Hedla Experiments.- Zeus-2D Simulations of Laser-Driven Radiative Shock Experiments.- Modeling Magnetic Tower Jets in the Laboratory.- Tailored Blast Wave Production Pertaining to Supernova Remnants.- A Neutron Star Atmosphere in the Laboratory with Petawatt Lasers.- Laboratory Simulation of Magnetospheric Plasma Shocks.- Studying Hydrodynamic Instability Using Shock-Tube Experiments.- Novel Diagnostic of Shock Fronts in Low-Z Dense Plasmas.- Evolution and Fragmentation of Wide-Angle Wind Driven Molecular Outflows.- X-Ray Line and Recombination Emission in the Afterglow of GRB.- Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability Reshock Experiments Using Laser-Driven Double-Cylinder Implosions.- Density and Temperature Measurements on Laser Generated Radiative Shocks.- Linear Analysis of Axial Sheared Flow in Astrophysical Jets.- Validating the Flash Code: Vortex-Dominated Flows.- Electron-Positron Plasmas Created By Ultra-Intense Laser Pulses Interacting With Solid Targets.- Numerical Treatment of Radiative Transfer.- 3D Simulations of Rayleigh-Taylor Instability Using "Vulcan/3D".- Hybrid Simulation of Collisionless Shock Formation in Support of Laboratory Experiments at UNR.- Virtual MHD Jets on Grids.- Non-Linear Dynamics of the Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability in Supernovae.- Lower Hybrid Wave Electron Heating in the Fast Solar Wind.- Interferometric Measurements of the Interaction of Two Plasmas in a Transverse Magnetic Field.- Laboratory Simulations of Bow Shocks and Magnetospheres.

During the past several years, research teams around the world have developed astrophysics-relevant utilizing high energy-density facilities such as intense lasers and z-pinches. Research is underway in many areas, such as compressible hydrodynamic mixing, strong shock phenomena, radiation flow, radiative shocks and jets, complex opacities, equations of stat, and relativistic plasmas. Beyond this current research and the papers it is producing, plans are being made for the application, to astrophysics-relevant research, of the 2 MJ National Ignition Facility (NIF) laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; the 600 kj Ligne d'Intégration Laser (LIL) and the 2 MJ Laser Mégajoule (LMJ) in Bordeaux, France; petawatt-range lasers now under construction around the world; and current and future Z pinches. The goal of this conference and these proceedings is to continue focusing attention on this emerging research area. The conference brought together different scientists interested in this emerging new field, with topics covering:

- Hydrodynamic instabilities in astrophysics,
- Supernovae and supernova remnant evolution,
- Aastrophysical shocks, blast waves, and jets,
- Stellar opacities,
- Radiation and thermal transport,
- Dense plasma atomic physics and EOS,
- X-ray photoionized plasmas,
- Ultrastrong magnetic field generation.