Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held in Baku, Azerbaijan, 29 September - 3 October 2003
Preface; Wolfgang Spyra. 1. The NATO Partnership for Peace Trust Fund: The Process and the Role of the NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA); Steve Brown. 2. The Evolution of Risks in the 1990's; Wolfgang Spyra. 3. Weapons Systems Using Melanj, Samine and Isopropyl Nitrate; Vugar Gafaraov. 4. Chemical Composition of Rocket Fuel Components: Melanj, Samine, and Isonite; Elnar Mammedov. 5. The Toxicology of Melanj, Samine, and Isopropyl Nitrate; Wolfgang Spyra. 6. Location of Liquid Missile Propellants in Azerbaijan, Recent Storage Situation, and Risk Assessment; Kay Winkelmann. 7. Disposal of Rocket Fuels Stored at Alyat and Mingechevir Depots, Azerbaijan; W. Chris King. 8. Past Experience in the Treatment of Rocket Fuel Components and Their Industrial Flows; Koray Balkaya, Alexander Medvedsky, Alexander Emelyanov. 9. Transforming Liquid Rocket Fuel Components into Useful Products: Experience in Georgia; Avtandil Dolidze. 10. Support to Partnership for Peace Trust Fund Projects by the NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA): The Project in Moldova to Destroy Melanj Rocket Fuel Oxidizer; Steve Brown. 11. Opportunities for Technolithic Transformation of Liquid Rocket Fuels; Nariman Javadov. 12. Potential Dangers of Stored Rocket Fuel Components and Rational Ways of Eliminating their Threat to the Population and the Environment; Fuad Abdullayev. 13. Transportation of General Rocket Fuel Components; Safar Safarov. 14. Chemistry and Alternative Usage of Missile Propellants Stored in Azerbaijan; Ahman Murat Gizir, Nermin Simsek Kus, Recep Ozen. 15. Transformation and Cooperation: Cultural Impressions of Azerbaijan; Katherine C. Fischer. Enclosure A: List of Participants. Index.
Prof. Dr. -Ing. Wolfgang Spyra Brandenburg University of Technology in Cottbus, Germany The demilitarization and conversion of military properties wor- wide has been a topic of growing importance since the end of the Cold War. The slowing of the arms race brought on by weapons treaties and relaxed tensions between NATO and Warsaw Pact nations caused sto- piles of conventional weapons to become superfluous. The need to process and dispose of such weapons began more quickly in NATO countries. This demilitarization process began shortly after the reunification of Germany and was largely completed by the mid to late 1990's. The remaining process, no small task in itself, of converting lands formerly used by the military into safe and environmentally acceptable landscapes may continue for decades to come. Due to a lack of resources and technology, the process of demilitarization in the former Warsaw Pact countries has launched more slowly. In 2002 both Georgia and Moldova finished projects which destroyed their stocks of liquid ballistic missile components. Both these projects were carried out through the cooperative support of trans-national organizations, private contractors, and research institutions. The Republic of Azerbaijan now finds itself at the beginning of its demilitarization process. Stored at the country's military depots are over 2000 tons of missile fuels, oxidizer, and chemical additives. This hazardous waste is kept in tanks intended only for temporary transport and storage.