List of Tables List of Figures Preface Notes on the Authors Parties and the Challenge of Multi-Level Politics Principals, Agents, Parties and the EU Denmark: Party Agents on Tight Leashes Finland: From Permissive Consensus to Angry Birds? Norway: Strong Yet Marginalised Parties Sweden: Power to the Parliamentarians? Conclusions: Nordic Political Parties, European Union and the Challenge References
Political parties are essential for the functioning of parliamentary democracy but how have parties adapted to the challenges created by the growth of a new layer of political decision-making at the supranational level, i.e. the EU? This comparative survey focuses on parties in four Nordic countries, including Norway, which remains outside the EU.