Fundamentals of Tribology and Bridging the Gap Between the Macro- and Micro/Nanoscales
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Fundamentals of Tribology and Bridging the Gap Between the Macro- and Micro/Nanoscales

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Bharat Bhushan
1633 g
243x165x57 mm
10, NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, held in Keszthely, Hungary, August 13-25, 2000
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Preface. Group Photo. Author Index. Subject Index. Participants list. 1: History. History of Tribology and Its Industrial Significance; K. Ludema. 2: Adhesion and Friction. Friction, Wear, Lubrication, and Materials Characterization Using Scanning Probe Microscopy; B. Bhushan. Atomic Scale Origin of Adhesion and Friction: Viscoelastic Effects in Model Lubricant Monolayers; M. Salmeron, et al. Atomic-Scale Stick Slip; R. Bennewitz, et al. Dissipation Mechanisms Studied by Dynamic Force Microscopies; E. Meyer, et al. Frictional-Force Imaging and Friction Mechanisms with a Lattice Periodicity; S. Morita, et al. Atomic Scale Origins of Force Interaction; S. Morita, et al. Dynamic Friction Measurement with the Scanning Force Microscope; O. Marti, H.-U. Krotil. Towards the Ideal Nano-Friction Experiment; J.W.M. Frenken, et al. Investigation of the Mechanics of Nanocontacts Using a Vibrating Cantilever Technique; U.D. Schwarz, et al. A Scanning Probe and Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study of C60 on Mica and Silver(111) Surfaces; T. Coffey, et al. Interactions, Friction and Lubrication Between Polymer-Bearing Surfaces; J. Klein. Effect of Electrostatic Interactions on Frictional Forces in Electrolytes; L.I. Daikhin, M. Urbakh. Adsorption of Thin Liquid Films on Solid Surfaces and its Relevance; J. Colchero, et al. Theory and Simulations of Friction Between Flat Surfaces Lubricated by Submonolayers; M.H. Müser. Friction Mechanisms and Modeling on the Macroscale; P.J. Blau. Experimental Aspects of Friction Research on the Macroscale; P.J. Blau. The Anisotropic Friction Characteristics of Crystalline Materials: A Review; B.L. Weick, B. Bushan. Relationship Between Structure and Internal Friction inCoPt and FePd Alloys; E. Klugmann. Direct Measurement of Surface and Interfacial Energies of Glassy Polymers and PDMS; L. Li, et al. A Model for Adhesive Forces in Miniature Systems; A.A. Polycarpou, A. Suh. Simple Model for Low Friction Systems; M. D'Acunto. Ultra-Low Friction Between Water Droplet and Hydrophobic Surface; K. Hiratsuka, et al.AFM as a New Tool in Characterisation of Mesoporous Ceramics as Materials to Tribological Applications; I. Piwoński, J. Grobelby. Discussion Forum Report: Bridging the Gap Between Macro- and Micro/Nanoscale Adhesion and Friction; M. Tirrell, E. Meyer. 3: Wear. Modeling (and) Wear Mechanisms; K. Ludema. Surface Damage Under Reciprocating Sliding; S. Fouvry, Ph. Kapsa. Wear Particle Life in a Sliding Contact Under Dry Conditions: Third Body Approach; J. Denape, et al. Fretting Wear Behaviour of a Titanium Alloy; V. Fridrici, et al. Wear Measurements and Monitoring at Macro- and- Microlevel; N.K. Myshkin, et al. Slurry Erosion: Macro- and Micro-Aspects; H.McI. Clark. Macro- and Micro Kelvin Probe in Tribological Studies; A.L. Zharin. Thermomechanics of Sliding Contact: When Micro Meets Macro; A. Soom, et al. Nanostructuring of Calcite Surfaces by Tribomechanical Etching with the Tip of an Atomic Force Microscope; M. Müller, et al. Atomic-Scale Processes of Tribomechanical Etching Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy on the Layered Material NbSe2; R. Kemnitzer, et al. Determining the Nanoscale Friction and Wear Behavior of Si, SiC and Diamond by Microscale Environmental Tribology; M.N. Gardos. On Some Similarities of Structural Modification in Wear and Fatigue; L. Palaghian, et al. The Mesostructure of Surfac
The word tribology was fIrst reported in a landmark report by P. Jost in 1966 (Lubrication (Tribology)--A Report on the Present Position and Industry's Needs, Department of Education and Science, HMSO, London). Tribology is the science and technology of two interacting surfaces in relative motion and of related subjects and practices. The popular equivalent is friction, wear and lubrication. The economic impact of the better understanding of tribology of two interacting surfaces in relative motion is known to be immense. Losses resulting from ignorance of tribology amount in the United States alone to about 6 percent of its GNP or about $200 billion dollars per year (1966), and approximately one-third of the world's energy resources in present' use, appear as friction in one form or another. A fundamental understanding of the tribology of the head-medium interface in magnetic recording is crucial to the future growth of the $100 billion per year information storage industry. In the emerging microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) industry, tribology is also recognized as a limiting technology. The advent of new scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques (starting with the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope in 1981) to measure surface topography, adhesion, friction, wear, lubricant-fIlm thickness, mechanical properties all on a micro to nanometer scale, and to image lubricant molecules and the availability of supercomputers to conduct atomic-scale simulations has led to the development of a new fIeld referred to as Microtribology, Nanotribology, or Molecular Tribology (see B. Bhushan, J. N. Israelachvili and U.

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