Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 The Species Problem and the Problem of Universals Chapter 3 Ontology and Criteria of Reality Chapter 4 Preliminary Assumptions and Concepts Chapter 5 Abstract of the Book Chapter 6 Species Nominalism Chapter 7 Preliminary Considerations Chapter 8 Occam and Locke Chapter 9 Buffon, Lamarck, and Darwin Chapter 10 Modern Nominalists in Biology Chapter 11 Species as Classes Chapter 12 Plato, Aristotle, and Linnaeus Chapter 13 Species as Elementary Classes Chapter 14 Species as Cluster Classes Chapter 15 Species as Ecological Niches Chapter 16 Problems with Species as Classes Chapter 17 Species as Individuals Chapter 18 Precursors from Hegel to Mayr Chapter 19 Ghiselin, Hull, et al. Chapter 20 Punctuated Equilibria Chapter 21 Problems with Species as Individuals Chapter 22 Species as Sets, Clades, and Lineages Chapter 23 Species as Relations Chapter 24 The Origin of an Idea Chapter 25 Species as Biosimilarity Complexes Chapter 26 Problems with Species as Relations Chapter 27 Concluding Remarks
In this provocative work, David N. Stamos tackles the problem of determining exactly what a biological species is: in short, whether species are real and the nature of their reality. Although many have written on this topic, The Species Problem is the only comprehensive single-authored book on this central concern of biology. Stamos critically considers the evolution of the three major contemporary views of species: species nominalism, species as classes, and species as individuals. Finally, he develops his own solution to the species problem, a solution aimed at providing a universal species concept worthy of the Modern Synthesis. This book will be of interest to philosophers of biology and of science in general, to historians of biology, and to biologists concerned with one of the most significant (and practical) conceptual issues in their field.